My tongue, every atom of my blood, form'd from this soil, this air, Born here of parents born here from parents the same, and their parents the same, I, now thirty-seven years old in perfect health begin, Hoping to cease not till death.Creeds and schools in abeyance, Retiring back a while sufficed at what they are, but never forgotten, I harbor for good or bad, I permit to speak at every hazard, Nature without check with original energy.Stage 1 (Before learning) Food (UCS) = Salivation (UCR) A bell does NOT produce salivation Stage 2 (During learning) Bell (CS) Food (UCS) = Salivation (CR) Stage 3 (After learning) Bell (CS) ..more.Middle When Albert was just over eleven months old, the rat and the UCS were presented together; this occurred seven times altogether over the next seven weeks, by which time the rat (CS) on its own came to produce the fear response (now a CR).The CR transferred spontaneously to the rabbit, the dog, a sealskin fur coat, cotton wool, Watson's hair and a Santa Claus mask, but it did not generalize to Albert's building blocks or to the hair of two observers (i.e. Five days after conditioning, the CR produced by the rat persisted; ten days after conditioning it was 'much less marked' but one month after conditioning it was still evident.Whether Watson and Rayner had intended to remove the CR is not known - Albert's mother removed him from the hospital.
So we'll list 'em, scientifically, and in no particular order.
In other words, there are more and more of us all the fucking time. We were stupid a long time ago, we are still stupid, and yet we continue to reproduce enormously successfully.
Whether or not you are pleased with this turn of events I leave to you, but the underlying moral is clear: Stupidity does not hamper reproduction! Stupidity may in fact help our ability to reproduce quite a bit.
Introduction CLASSICAL CONDITIONING OF HUMAN BEHAVIOUR INTRODUCTION The theory of classical conditioning (also called Pavlovian conditioning) is accepted worldwide and has remained virtually unchanged since its conception of Pavlov's work.
It is used to explain and interpret a wide range of human behaviour, such as where phobias come from, why we dislike certain foods, the source of our emotions, how advertising works, why we feel nervous before a job interview and before an exam and what arouses us sexually.
Not consistently, not steadily, but relentlessly nonetheless.