A well-established varve chronology greatly enhances the scientific value of laminated limnic archives by securely anchoring the wealth of multi-proxy palaeoenvironmental information in the form of time-series for multidisciplinary investigations.Applications of varved records are discussed with special reference to advances since the 1980s.This forms a pair of layers—one coarse and one fine—for each annual cycle. The translations of varve from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «varve» in English. Varved sediment sequences which span the LGIT have been investigated in a number of sites in continental Europe, Scandinavia and Greenland, where they can be used for dating purposes (varve chronology).Although records of varved sediments have been reported from sites in Britain, and a few examined quite closely, very feww robust varve chronologies have ever been developed for the period 16 to 8 ka BP.
Late Pleistocene Lake Deschaillons varves from the central St.The term first appeared as Hvarfig lera on the first map produced by the Geological Survey of Sweden in 1862.Initially, varve was used to describe the separate components of annual layers in glacial lake sediments, but at the 1910 Geological Congress, the Swedish geologist Gerard De Geer proposed a new formal definition where varve described the whole of any annual sedimentary layer.Varves are amongst the smallest-scale events recognised in stratigraphy.An annual layer can be highly visible because the particles washed into the layer in the spring when there is greater flow strength are much coarser than those deposited later in the year. As with tree rings, errors may arise in a chronology based on varve counting, through occasional missing varves in poor years for deposition, occasional double (or even triple) varves in other years and mistakes in cross-correlating varve ...Subsequent to deposition of topmost laminae, the physical preservation of the accumulating varved sequence requires the sustained absence of sediment mixing, for example via wave action or macrobenthic bioturbation.