Relative dating includes methods that rely on the analysis of comparative data or the context (eg, geological, regional, cultural) in which the object one wishes to date is found.This approach helps to order events chronologically but it does not provide the absolute age of an object expressed in years.Archeological excavations, or “digs,” are conducted using very specific methods and rigorous vertical and horizontal spatial controls. Relative dating in archeology determines the age of cultural material in relation to other cultural material, but does not produce precise dates.
For those researchers working in the field of human history, the chronology of events remains a major element of reflection.
You can't tell the actual age of the pots, but you can put them on a timeline relative to each other. Now say you uncover an old cooking hearth full of charcoal.
You can take a piece of that charcoal and use carbon-14 dating on it to find out that it is 400 years old.
These methods usually analyze physicochemical transformation phenomena whose rate are known or can be estimated relatively well.
Archeologists use a wide variety of methods to extract information from cultural and natural remains related to the human past.
You get an exact age, so that is chronometric dating.